Dr Howard Schneider
Dr Howard Schneider

Recent Publications and Presentations

2022:
-A New Class of AI -- Navigation Map-Based Cog Architecture
In this paper a new class of artificial intelligence based on the mammalian brain is described. It does not function like an artificial neural network nor like a large language model (LLM, e.g., ChatGPT) nor like a traditional symbolic AI program. Rather, it uses spatial navigation maps to represent the world, learn about the world and operate on the world. This model provides a useful (i.e., supports the data) explanation of mammalian, primate and human brain evolution, operation and dysfunction. As well, it provides a different path towards AGI than that provided by LLMs.
(Image above created by editors at AI Journal for issue's Table of Contents/Titles page illustration --Schneider, H., Navigation Map-Based Artificial Intelligence, AI, 2022, 3(2), 434-464.)
article (invited, published open-access): 
doi:10.3390/ai3020026


-An Analogical Inductive Solution to the Grounding Problem
 In this paper inductive analogical reasoning is shown to emerge due to a small modification (corresponding to a modest mutation in a biological brain) giving the architecture vastly more power in solving day to day problems. In fact, analogies may power much of human cognition. At the same time, this property allows more robust grounding of the architecture. Grounding of an AI with a real environment may be necessary to enable the realization of advanced and advantageous AI's and AGI's. Analogical reasoning allows grounding with more advanced concepts.

Schneider, H.  An Analogical Inductive Solution to the Grounding ProblemCognitive Systems Research, 2023, vol 77, pp174-216.

article (not open-access): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogsys.2022.10.005

preprint (free):

https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/analogical%20inductive%20preprint.pdf


 

2023:
 -Compositionality
Neural networks have a difficult time demonstrating compositionality (so do all mammals, except for humans). BICA*AI Conference 2023 presentation demonstrating how a cognitive architecture based on the human brain (named the "CCA6") shows the mechanisms (at the level of the cortical minicolumn) that 
allow the modern human brain to be able to automatically perform causal reasoning, inductive analogical reasoning and compositional language processing. It is shown that how with relatively few genetic modifications from the chimpanzee-human last common ancestor brain the human brain emerged with these properties (as well as predicting the emergence of psychosis in humans). The Python software implementation of the equations behind the CCA6 is a straightforward one at present, but nonetheless, represents a very different type of AI than traditional neural networks or large language models (e.g., ChatGPT). Like the human brain, the CCA6 can learn with minimal data and can learn in real time (it does not require terabytes of data nor massive, off-line computer resources for learning). Like the human brain, the CCA6 is fully grounded. 

Schneider, H.  A Brain-Inspired Cognitive Architecture (BICA) Approach to the Neurosymbolic Gap.  In Samsonovich, A.V., Liu, T. (eds) Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures 2023. Studies in Computational Intelligence, pp. 775-786, Springer Nature 2024.

-online: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-50381-8_84 

-preprint pdf: https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/neurosymbolic_bica_2023.pdf

-Architecture discussed in this paper: CCA5  

Schneider, H.  The Emergence of Compositionality in a Brain-Inspired Cognitive Architecture, Cognitive Systems Research, vol. 86,  2024. 

-online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogsys.2024.101215 (not published under open access; university/corporate library subscription required to access for free)

-preprint: https://easychair.org/publications/preprint/l6wh (slightly different than edited article; free to download)

-Architecture discussed in this paper: ChatGPT, CCA6 

 

 

2024:

 -AGI in Artificial Systems and Nature
Elements of the CCA6 architecture have been enhanced past human brain inspiration level into a new CCA7 architecture. In the CCA7 the question is asked that if human brain evolution were to continue in the appropriate environments, what simple mutations could further enhance the core cognitive abilities of the brain and by extension the CCA7 architecture? (While adding a calculator module or a full LLM to the brain would obviously boost cognition (and this hybridization may be done in the CCA8), this is not done here. Rather, the concern is enhancing the core cognitive abilities without adding any external modules).

Given that the internal representations of the architecture are navigation maps, a robot car embodiment is being implemented. A Python simulation of the CCA7 running on a desktop computer communicates via ordinary Wi-Fi to the car which has a Wi-Fi shield going to an Arduino board which is then wired into the robot car's electronics. Additional sensory devices (camera, RGB, inertial sensor) are mounted on the underside of the car and provide sensory inputs to the CCA7 simulation. It is hoped that a "spark" (to paraphrase Microsoft's Bubeck paper) of AGI as well as of superintelligence (i.e., that the robot car will demonstrate behavior at these levels) can be shown in time for the 2024 conferences. While this representation of AGI is quite different than the text generation of LLM's (e.g., ChatGPT, Gemini) (or even video generation, e.g., Sora) it may be closer (and safer!!) to genuine human-like intelligence than produced by the LLM's.

Schneider, H. The Emergence of an Enhanced Intelligence in a Brain-Inspired Cognitive Architecture, Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 2024, 18:1367712.
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fncom.2024.1367712/full

-Architecture discussed in this paper: CCA7 

-GitHub repository -- https://github.com/ (pending) (open source; all code shared; academic/industrial collaborators welcome) (pending GitHub tutorial, whitepaper, full debugging of initial versions)
https://github.com/OlivierGeorgeon/osoyoo

Schneider, H., Georgeon, O.L. Grounding Artificial General Intelligence with Robotics: The PetitCat Project, In Samsonovich, A.V., Liu, T. (eds) Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures 2024: Proceedings of the 15th Annual Meeting of the BICA Society, Springer Nature 2024 (pending).

preprint PDF:

online:

Schneider, H. Simulation of Non-Primate Intelligence vs Human Intelligence vs Superhuman AGI vs Alien-like AGI. In: Thorisson, K.R., Isaev, P., Shekhlar, A. (eds) Artificial General Intelligence, AGI 2024, Lecture Notes in Computer Science - LNCS,vol 14951, Springer Nature, 2024. 
-Architecture discussed in this paper: 
CCA1, CCA6, CCA7, ChatGPT, GPT4

preprint PDF:

online: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-031-65572-2_17

 

 

2024/2025:

-Hybridization with von Neumann and LLM Modules

-More Robust Robotic Embodiment and Grounding (PetitCat integration)

-Release of SDK on GitHub/PyPi

Work in progress on an architectural improvement. The CCA8 resulting from continued work on the CCA7 architecture: hybdrization with an LLM (OpenAI GPT-4-turbo with 128K context window) and a von Neumann processor (via CPU available to Python code running the CCA8 simulation). It is hoped the LLM can help the CCA8 to create a larger ensemble of instinctive primitives (the pre-programmed instinctive routines which all mammalian brains have, primates having more sophisticated ones) on its own thus obviating the tedious hand coding of such software structures currently. The interface to the robotic PetitCat project described above will continue and will allow the architecture grounding, albeit in terms of a simple toy robot car, although the interface will support more elaborate robot humanoid embodiments (unfortunately exceeding the budget of the project at present). 
Unlike a typical deep learning AI including LLM's, the basic Causal Cognitive Architecture (CCA8) is fully grounded, has lifetime learning (it does not have separate training and inference modes of operation like a deep learning network, instead it is continuously learning; there is no need to use tens of millions of dollars of compute and massive energy expenditures each time in order to update the weights every few days or weeks), intrinsic causal reasoning,  intrinsic analogical reasoning (which is an important factor in making the CCA8 very human-like in its mental processes; chimpanzees cannot do full causal or analogical reasoning), and intrinsic compositional reasoning and language (again making the CCA8 very human-like in its reasoning and language production, unlike the alien manner in which LLM systems reason and produce language). However, hybridizing the CCA8 with an LLM gives it access to a wonderful data system that was engineered at the cost of billions of dollars, that can be put to good use enhancing the CCA8's basic properties. Hybridizing with a von Neumann module now allows the CCA8 low-level access to making decisions via more formal sequences of computations, i.e., programs. The advantages have not been fully explored yet.

It is hoped that the 2025 CCA8 release will be accompanied by a more formal GitHub and PyPI release of an SDK that others can easily (<1 hour learning curve, minimalist hardware) try out on their own computer or server.

-PyPI package -- https://pypi.org/ --  (pending)
-GitHub repository -- 
https://github.com/ (pending) (open source; all code shared; academic/industrial collaborators welcome) (pending GitHub tutorial, whitepaper, full debugging of initial versions)
https://github.com/OlivierGeorgeon/osoyoo

 

 

 

Note re 'Recent Publications and Presentations':

- these are simply listed sequentially as they occur

-AI/AGI-related journals, patents, software/technology-related, etc usually are indexed differently than biological/medical publications but links are provided below to full papers where possible

-MDPAC Journal articles are not indexed but links are provided to full articles (they represent continuing education to the physician psychotherapist population rather than new research)

-My work in AI is on cognitive architectures -- this is very different (and much less popular, less funding, less citations, etc) than what is known as modern "AI", i.e., machine learning of large data, large language models (e.g., ChatGPT), etc. I am knowledgeable but do not do work in those areas. 

 

 

 

Recent Conference Presentations

Poster Presentation:
International Forum on Mood and Anxiety Disorders IFMAD 2010
November 17-19, 2010, Vienna, Austria

Schneider, H., Thornton, J., Tarzwell, R., Freeman, M., McLean, M. and van Lierop, M., 3D brain SPECT imaging as an aid in the management of resistant depression

Poster Presentation:
Rotman Research Institute Annual Conference: Neuroscience of Emotion and Emotion-Related Disorders
March 27-29, 2011, Toronto, Canada
Schneider, H., Thornton, J., Freeman, M., McLean, M. and van Lierop, M.,, Management of Chronic Depression with 3D Brain SPECT Imaging: A Case Report

Case Presentation:
Canadian Association of Nuclear Medicine Annual Scientific Conference
April 28-30, 2011, Niagara Falls, Canada
Freeman, M.A. and Schneider, H., Management of Chronic Depression with Brain SPECT Imaging

 Poster Presentation:
3
rd International Congress on ADHD
26-29 May 2011, Berlin, Germany
Schneider, H., McLean, M., Freeman, M., Thornton, J., van Lierop, M. and Tarzwell, R., 3D Brain SPECT of ADHD Presenting as Borderline Personality Disorder

 Poster Presentation:
CADDRA 2011 ADHD Conference
14-16 October 2011, Toronto, Canada
Schneider, H., McLean, M., Freeman, M., Thornton, J. and van Lierop, M., 3D HMPAO Brain SPECT Scans as an Aid in the Diagnosis and Management of ADHD

 Nuclear Medicine Grand Rounds:
University Health Network/University of Toronto
27 October 2011, Toronto, Canada
Thornton, J., Schneider, H., McLean, M., van Lierop, M.
Levels of Evidence for HMPAO SPECT Scans in Psychiatry and Neuropsychiatry

Brain Spect Imaging in Psychiatry
University of British Columbia/Lionsgate Hospital Department of Psychiatry
October 20, 2012, North Vancouver, Canada
Schneider, H.
SPECT Scans in ADHD

Brain Spect Imaging in Psychiatry
University of British Columbia/Lionsgate Hospital Department of Psychiatry
October 20, 2012, North Vancouver, Canada
Schneider, H.
Levels of Evidence for SPECT

Chair of Session: Artificial Intelligence, Pattern Recognition, Clustering and Applications
2018 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ICAI'18)

August 2, 2018, Las Vegas, USA
Schneider, H. and Nascimento, A.M.
 

Meaningful-Based Cognitive Architecture
2018 Annual International Conference on Biologically-Inspired Cognitive Architectures (BICA 2018)
 held as part of the Joint Multi-Conference on Human-Level Artificial Intelligence (HLAI-18)
August 22 - 24, 2018, Czech Technical University, Prague, Czech Republic.
Schneider, H.

https://www.respekt.cz/spolecnost/muze-pocitac-trpet-psychozou
Architecture discussed in this paper: pre/CCA1

Subsymbolic Versus Symbolic Data Flow in the Meaningful-Based Cognitive Architecture
2019 Annual International Conference on Brain-Inspired Cognitive
 Architectures for Artificial Intelligence (2019 BICA*AI) (name change in BICA)
August 16-19, 2019, Microsoft Main Campus, Redmond, Seattle, USA.
Schneider, H.

Architecture discussed in this paper: pre/CCA1

Causal Cognitive Architecture 1 (CCA1): Integration of Connectionist Elements

into a Navigational Framework

Schneider, H.

2020 Annual International Conference on Brain-Inspired Cognitive 
 Architectures for Artificial Intelligence (2020 BICA*AI)
November 10-15, 2020,  in  Natal, Brazil -- switched to virtual event 

2020 BICA*AI Pre-Conference August 30, 2020

Please click this link for the slides intended for the Pre-Conference:
https://github.com/howard8888/MBLS-3.0/blob/master/BICAAI_2020_01.pdf
Architecture discussed in this paper: pre/CCA1

Levels of Intelligence in Artificial and Biological Systems: An Improved Rating Scale
Schneider, H.
2021 Annual Conference on Biologically-Inspired Cognitive Architectures 
September 12-19, 2021
Vienna, Austria
Switched to virtual event
slides: 
https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/levels%20of%20intelligence%20.pdf
paper: 
https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/schneider_h_formatted_bica2021_levels_of_intelligence.pdf
Architecture discussed in this paper: CCA2 & CCA3

Causal Cognitive Architecture 2 (CCA2): A Solution to the Binding Problem
Schneider, H.
2021 International Workshop on Biologically-Inspired Cognitive Architectures at the 21st ACM Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents 
[Note: CCA2 only binds space, while CCA3 published below in Cognitive Systems Research provides a
more general and formal solution binding both space and time]

[Note name change for BICA back to pre-2018 name]
September 14-17, 2021
University of Fukuchiyama, Kyoto, Japan
Switched to virtual event
slides: 
https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/CCA2_BICA2021_full_slides.pdf
video:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5hx9BeWjWow
Architecture discussed in this paper: CCA2

Analogical Problem Solving
Schneider, H.
The 15th Conference on Artificial General Intelligence AGI-22
AGI Society
August 19-22, 2022
Seattle, Washington, USA
video: 
https://vimeo.com/735422109
Architecture discussed in this paper: CCA3

The Navigation Map-Based Cognitive ArchitectureA New Class of Artificial Intelligence
Schneider, H.  

2022 Annual International Conference on Brain-Inspired Cognitive Architectures for Artificial Intelligence, Sept 22-25, 2022, held at Universidad de Guadalajara,  Mexico
video: 
https://vimeopro.com/bicasociety/bica2022/video/759324697

Architecture discussed in this presentation: CCA3

An Inductive Analogical Solution to the Grounding Problem.
Schneider, H.

2022 Annual International Conference on Brain-Inspired Cognitive Architectures for Artificial Intelligence, Sept 22-25, 2022, held at Universidad de Guadalajara,  Mexico

video: https://vimeopro.com/bicasociety/bica2022/video/759325233

Architecture discussed in this presentation: CCA3/CCA4/CCA5 

Winner of  Award for Paper for "Best Innovative Work" at BICA*AI 2022

 

Alien versus Natural-like Artificial General Intelligences
Schneider, H.,  Boltuc, P.

AGI-23: The 16th Annual AGI Conference

June 2023, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Architectures discussed in this presentation:
ChatGPT, GPT4, CCA5 
video (at 2:36; video capture unfortunately from within Powerpoint):
 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0CqgXWLHfeI&t=15195s

 

A Brain-Inspired Cognitive Architecture (BICA) Approach to the Neurosymbolic Gap
Schneider, H.

2023 Annual International Conference on Brain-Inspired Cognitive Architectures for Artificial Intelligence, Oct, 2023, Ningbo University, Ningbo, China

Architectures discussed in this presentation: CCA5 
slides:

 

The Emergence of Compositionality in A Brain-Inspired Cognitive Architecture (BICA) 
Schneider, H.

2023 Annual International Conference on Brain-Inspired Cognitive Architectures for Artificial Intelligence, Oct, 2023, Ningbo University, Ningbo, China

Architectures discussed in this presentation: CCA6, ChatGPT
slides:

 

 

 

Recent Mental Health Related Presentations

GPPA 25th Annual Conference
April 27, 2012 1:30-5PM
Toronto, Canada
Schneider, H.
Psychopharmacology of Depression

GPPA 26th Annual Conference
May 25, 2013 1:30-5PM
Toronto, Canada
Schneider, H.
Psychopharmacology of Depression 2013

GPPA Winter 2014 Educational Teleconference Series
February 18, 2014
Schneider, H.
Psychopharmacology of ADHD

OMA Section on Primary Care Mental Health Wednesday Night Series
November 8, 2017
Schneider, H.
Treating Insomnia-- Psychotherapy (CBT-I) and Psychopharmacology

OMA (Ontario Medical Association) Section on Primary Care Mental Health
Rescheduled October 22, 2020 -- Virtual Presentation 
Schneider, H.
AI and the Future of Medicine/Mankind
Please click this link for the slides intended for the talk:

https://github.com/howard8888/ai-and-the-future-of-medicine/blob/master/AI%20and%20the%20Future%20of%20Medicine.pdf
(Please click "download". You will not be able to view all the slides inside GitHub.)

 

ISAN (International Society of Applied Neuroimaging)
May 16, 2024
Schneider, H.

How the Brain Evolved, How the Brain Works, and Building an AGI Based on the Brain

https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/isanmeet.pdf

 

 

 

Recent Publications relating to Psychotherapy, Psychiatry and Neuropsychiatry
 

Schneider, H., Bupropion as First-Line Antidepressant Treatment of Unipolar Depression?, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2009, Vol. 16, No. 3, p 2-4.

Schneider, H. Thornton, J.F., Freeman, M.A., McLean, M.K. and van Lierop, M., Case Report: Low-Dose Brain 3D SPECT Scanning, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2009, Vol. 16, No. 4, p 9-11.

Schneider, H., Pregabalin for Anxiety Disorders, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2009, Vol. 16, No. 5, p 8-9.

Schneider, H., Thornton, J., Tarzwell, R., Freeman, M., McLean, M. and van Lierop, M., 3D brain SPECT imaging as an aid in the management of resistant depression, International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, 2010; 14(Suppl 1): 36-37

Schneider, H., GPPA 2010 Winter Educational Teleconference Series, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2010, Vol. 17, No. 1, p 3-5.

Schneider, H., Aiming for Remission in Depression – Psychotherapy plus the Combination of Antidepressant Medications at the Start of Treatment,GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X, 2010, Vol. 17, No. 2, p 5-9.

Schneider, H. and Tarzwell, R., Aripiprazole - An Atypical Atypical Antipsychotic, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2010, Vol. 17, No. 3, p 7-8.

Schneider, H., McLean, M., Freeman, M., Thornton, J., van Lierop, M. and Tarzwell, R., 3D Brain SPECT of ADHD Presenting as Borderline Personality Disorder, ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders,  Vol 3, No. 2, P. 138, June 2011

Schneider, H., Management of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2011, Vol. 18, No. 1, p 7-10.

Schneider, H. and Tarzwell, R., Introduction to Neuropsychiatry, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2011, Vol. 18, No. 2, p 3-6.

Schneider, H. and Tarzwell, R., Diagnosis and Management of Borderline Personality Disorder, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2011, Vol. 18, No. 3, p 3-6.

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Failure of Antidepressants, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2011, Vol. 18, No. 3, p 13-14.

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Atypicals for Dementia?, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2012, Vol. 19, No. 1, p 5-6.

Schneider, H., Management of Adult ADHD, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2012, Vol. 19, No. 2, p 5-11.

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Refractory OCD, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2012, Vol. 19, No. 2, p 18-19.

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Unstable Depression, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2012, Vol. 19, No.32, p 12-14.

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Extreme Anxiety, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2013, Vol. 20, No. 1, p 9-10.

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Traumatic Brain Injury, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2013, Vol. 20, No. 2, p 8-10.

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Single Episode of Antidepressant-Induced Mania, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2013, Vol. 20, No. 3, p 8-11.

Thornton, J., Schneider, H., McLean, M. et al, Improved Outcomes Using Brain SPECT Guided Treatment vs Treatment as Usual in Community Psychiatric Outpatients: a Retrospective Case-Control Study, Journal of Neuropsychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences 2014; 26:51-56.

http://neuro.psychiatryonline.org/doi/abs/10.1176/appi.neuropsych.12100238

http://www.molecularimaging.net/topics/molecular-imaging/neuroimaging/3d-brain-spect-may-lead-better-cognitive-function-psychiatric-patients

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Schizoaffective Disorder, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2014, Vol. 21, No. 1, p 10-12.  
https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/MDPAC_Winter2014_21_1.pdf

 Raji, C., Tarzwell, R., Pavel, D., Schneider,H., Uszler,M., Thornton,J., van Lierop, M., Cohen, P., Amen,D. and Henderson, T., (2014) Clinical Utility of SPECT Neuroimaging in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review. PLoS ONE 9(3): e91088. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091088   http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0091088

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Complex Mood and Personality Disorders , GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2014, Vol. 21, No. 2, p 11 - 13.

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Treating ADHD in the Family, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2014, Vol. 21, No. 3, p 4 - 6.

Schneider, H., Thornton, J., Freeman, M. et al, Conventional SPECT versus 3D Thresholded SPECT Imaging in the Diagnosis of ADHD: A Retrospective Study, Journal of Neuropsychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences 2014: 26:335-343.  http://neuro.psychiatryonline.org/doi/abs/10.1176/appi.neuropsych.12110280

http://www.molecularimaging.net/topics/molecular-imaging/neuroimaging/spect-goes-3d-improved-diagnosis-adhd

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Untreatable Depression, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2015, Vol. 22, No. 1, p 5 - 7.

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Personality Disorder and Depression, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2015, Vol. 22, No. 2, p 3 -6.

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2015, Vol. 22, No. 3,  p 3 - 7.

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Delusional Disorder, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2016, Vol. 23, No. 1,  p 3- 6.

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: A Case of Chronic Pain, GP Psychotherapist, ISSN 1918-381X,  2016, Vol. 23, No. 2,  p 4- 7.

Schneider, H. and Xie, L., Algorithm and Method for Automated Acquisition of Medical History, Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Health Informatics and Medical Systems 2016 p 159 - 160, ISBN 1-60132-437-5, CSREA Press.

Schneider, H. and Xie, L., Algorithm and Method for Automated Processing of Medical E-mails, Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Health Informatics and Medical Systems 2016 p 161-162, ISBN 1-60132-437-5, CSREA Press.

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Tardive Dyskinesia, Medical Psychotherapy Review, ISSN 2370-3083,  2016, Vol. 23, No. 3, p3.-7.  
https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/MDPAC_Fall2016_23_3.pdf

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Recurrent Unipolar Depression in the Older Patient, Medical Psychotherapy Review, ISSN 2370-3083,  2017, Vol. 24, No. 1, p 7-10.

Schneider, H. and Shaw, G.Y., 
Psychopharmacology Corner: Insomnia - Part 1, Medical Psychotherapy Review, ISSN 2370-3083,  2017, Vol. 24, No. 2, p 4- 9.
https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/MDPAC_Spring2017_24_2.pdf

Schneider, H. and Shaw, G.Y., Psychopharmacology Corner: Insomnia - Part 2, Medical Psychotherapy Review, ISSN 2370-3083,  2017, Vol. 24 , No. 3, p 4- 8.
https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/MDPAC_Fall2017_24_3.pdf

Schneider, H. and Shah, S., Psychopharmacology Corner: EmergencyTreatment of Agitation, Medical Psychotherapy Review, ISSN 2370-3083,  2018, Vol. 25 , No. 1, p 7 - 11.
https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/MDPAC_Spring2018vol%2025%201.pdf

Schneider, H., Non-Hybrid Meaningful-Based Learning System Using a Configurable Network of Neural Networks. Proceedings of the 2018 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence pp 96-102; Aug 2018.
Architecture discussed in this paper: 
pre/CCA1

Schneider, H., Meaningful-Based Cognitive Architecture. Procedia Computer Science, 9th Annual International Conference on Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures, BICA 2018,edited by Samsonovich, A.V.,  2018, 145:471-480.  https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877050918323974
Architecture discussed in this paper: pre/CCA1

Schneider, H., Psychopharmacology Corner: Can We Prevent Schizophrenia?, Medical Psychotherapy Review, ISSN 2370-3083,  2018, Vol. 25, No. 2,  p 4 -7.https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/Fall%20MDPAC%202018.pdf

Schneider, H.Psychopharmacology Corner: CANMAT Clinical Guidelines for the Management of Major Depressive Disorder, Medical Psychotherapy Review, ISSN 2370-3083,  2019, Vol. 26, No. 1, pp 4 - 9.

https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/MDPAC_Spring2019_26_1.pdf

 

Schneider, H. (2020) Subsymbolic Versus Symbolic Data Flow in the Meaningful-Based Cognitive Architecture. In: Samsonovich A. (eds) Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures 2019. BICA 2019. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 948. Springer, Cham
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-25719-4_61
Architecture discussed in this paper: pre/CCA1

 

Schneider, H. (2020) Schizophrenia and the Future of Artificial Intelligence. In: Samsonovich A. (eds) Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures 2019. BICA 2019. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 948. Springer, Cham

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-25719-4_62
Architecture discussed in this paper: pre/CCA1

 

Schneider, H. (2020) Emergence of Belief Systems and the Future of Artificial Intelligence. In: Samsonovich A. (eds) Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures 2019. BICA 2019. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 948. Springer, Cham

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-25719-4_63
Architecture discussed in this paper: pre/CCA1

 

Schneider, H. and Kapustin, D. Psychopharmacology Corner:  Diagnosing Bipolar Disorder, Medical Psychotherapy Review, ISSN 2370-3083,  2019, Vol. 26 , No. 2, pp 4 -8.
https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/Journal_Fall%202019_draft%202.pdf

 

Schneider, H.  The Meaningful-Based Cognitive Architecture Model of Schizophrenia, Cognitive Systems Research, 2020, vol 59 pp 73-90.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogsys.2019.09.019

https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/elsevier%20cog%20sys%202020%20mbca%20model%20scz.pdf

Architecture discussed in this paper: pre/CCA1

 

Kapustin, D. and Schneider, H. Psychopharmacology Corner:  CANMAT Guidelines for Managing  Bipolar Disorder, Medical Psychotherapy Review, ISSN 2370-3083,  2020, Vol. 27 , No. 1, pp 4-10.

https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/Journal_Spring%202020_27_1.pdf

 

Schneider, H. Psychopharmacology Corner:  Panic Disorder, Medical Psychotherapy Review, ISSN 2370-3083,  2020, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp 4-10.

https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/Journal_Winter_2020.pdf

 

Schneider, H.  Causal Cognitive Architecture 1: Integration of Connectionist Elements into a Navigation-Based Framework.  Cognitive Systems Research, 2021, vol 66, pp 67-81.

https://github.com/howard8888/cca1_july2020/blob/master/Causal%20Cognitive%20Architecture%201.pdf

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1389041720300954?via%3Dihub

Architecture discussed in this paper: CCA1

 

Schneider, HPsychopharmacology Corner: Health Canada Jan 6, 2021 Summary Safety Review: Post-SSRI/SNRI Sexual Dysfunction, Medical Psychotherapy Review, ISSN 2370-3083,  2021, Vol. 28, No. 1, pp 4-5.
https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/MDPAC_Spring_2021.pdf

 

Schneider, H.  (2021). Chapter: Applying Principles from Medicine - What can AI Learn from Medicine? In Lidströmer, N., Ashrafian, H. (Eds), Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, Springer Nature, Cham. ISBN 978-3-030-64573-1, printed version pending/electronic version in press.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58080-3_289-1

pdf: https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/AIM_chapter_medicine_to_AI.pdf

video accompanying the chapter: https://vimeo.com/573088152

 

Schneider, H. (2021). Chapter: Artificial Intelligence in Schizophrenia. In Lidströmer, N., Ashrafian, H. (Eds), Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, Springer Nature, Cham. ISBN 978-3-030-64573-1, printed version pending/electronic version in press.

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58080-3_214-1
pdf: https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/AIM%20Schizophrenia%20chapter.pdf

video accompanying the chapter: https://vimeo.com/578934812

 

Schneider, H.Psychopharmacology Corner: Deprescribing Benzodiazepine Receptor Agonists, Medical Psychotherapy Review, ISSN 2370-3083,  2021, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp4 - 8.
https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/MDPAC_Fall2021.pdf

 

Schneider, H.  Causal Cognitive Architecture 2: A Solution to the Binding Problem. In: Klimov, V.V., Kelley, D.J. (eds) Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures 2021. BICA 2021. Studies in Computational Intelligence, 2022, vol 1032, Springer, Cham. 
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-96993-6_52
paper: https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/CCA2.pdf
slides: https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/CCA2_BICA2021_full_slides.pdf

video:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5hx9BeWjWow

Architecture discussed in this paper: CCA2

 

Schneider, H.  Causal Cognitive Architecture 3: A Solution to the Binding Problem. Cognitive Systems Research, 2022,  vol 72, pp. 88-115.

video tutorials (scroll down to bottom of the paper):https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogsys.2021.10.004

Architecture discussed in this paper: CCA3

 

Thornton, J., Schneider, H., Cohen, P.F., DeBruin, S., Uszler, J.M., Siow, Y-H., McLean, M., van Lierop, M.J., Pavel, D.G., Henderson, T.A. Longitudinal SPECT Neuroimaging as an Indication of Improvement in Psychiatric Disorders in A Community Practice, Frontiers in Psychiatry 2022,  13:787186. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2022.787186
online and article pdf:  
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2022.787186/full

 

Schneider, H.  Navigation Map-Based Artificial Intelligence. AI, 2022, 3(2), 434-464.
(Invited paper for MDPI new, major journal covering advances in the field of artificial intelligence, including reasoning and intelligent robotics as well as mainstream machine learning. "Despite a long history of the AI field in the twenty and twenty-first centuries, there are a lot of open problems that need to be solved".--Kenji Suzuki, editor)
online and article pdf:  
doi:10.3390/ai3020026

Architecture discussed in this paper: CCA4 

 

Schneider, H.,  The Navigation Map-Based Cognitive ArchitectureA New Class of Artificial Intelligence.  In Corchado, F.F.R., Samsonovich,A.V. (eds) The 2022 Annual International Conference on Brain-Inspired Cognitive Architectures for Artificial Intelligence, Procedia Computer Science,vol 213, pp 263-270.

online and article pdf: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2022.11.065

video presentation: https://vimeopro.com/bicasociety/bica2022/video/759324697

slides: https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/new_class_of_AI.pdf

Architecture discussed in this paper: CCA3 

 

Schneider, H.  Analogical Problem Solving in a Cognitive Architecture.  In Goertzel, B. et al.(eds) Artificial General Intelligence 15th International Conference, AGI 2022, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence (LNAI), 13539, 2022,  Springer Nature, pp. 100 - 112.

https://link.springer.com/book/9783031199066

pdf:  https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/agi2022%20proof.pdf

video: https://vimeo.com/735422109

Architecture discussed in this paper: CCA3 

 

Schneider, H.  An Inductive Analogical Solution to the Grounding ProblemCognitive Systems Research, 2023, vol 77, pp174-216.

online and article pdf: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogsys.2022.10.005

pdf of preprint: https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/analogical%20inductive%20preprint.pdf

prelude to this video: https://vimeopro.com/bicasociety/bica2022/video/759324697

video of presentation: https://vimeopro.com/bicasociety/bica2022/video/759325233

Architecture discussed in this paper: CCA5 

 

Schneider, H., Boltuc, P., Alien versus Natural-like Artificial General Intelligences, In Hammer, P., Alirezaie, M., Strannegard, C. (eds) Artificial General Intelligence,  AGI 2023, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence  - LNCS vol. 13921,  Springer Nature, 2023.

online: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-031-33469-6_24

preprint pdf: https://agi-conf.org/2023/2023-accepted-papers/

Architectures discussed in this paper: ChatGPT, GPT4, CCA5 
 

Schneider, H.  A Brain-Inspired Cognitive Architecture (BICA) Approach to the Neurosymbolic Gap In Samsonovich, A.V., Liu, T. (eds) Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures 2023. Studies in Computational Intelligence, pp. 775-786, Springer Nature 2024. 

online: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-50381-8_84

preprint pdf: https://github.com/howard8888/insomnia/blob/master/neurosymbolic_bica_2023.pdf

Architecture discussed in this paper: CCA5  

 

Schneider, H.  The Emergence of Compositionality in a Brain-Inspired Cognitive Architecture, Cognitive Systems Research, vol 86, 2024.

online (you need a university/corporate subscription to access or else physical library access; not published under open access)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogsys.2024.101215

preprint pdf (free access; slightly different than peer reviewed, edited article): https://easychair.org/publications/preprint/l6wh

Architecture discussed in this paper: ChatGPT, CCA6 

 

Schneider, H.  The Emergence of Enhanced Intelligence in a Brain-Inspired Cognitive Architecture, Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 2024, 18:1367712.

online: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fncom.2024.1367712/full

Architecture discussed in this paper: CCA7 

GitHub: https://github.com/OlivierGeorgeon/osoyoo

 

Schneider, H.Georgeon, O.L. Grounding Artificial General Intelligence with Robotics: The PetitCat Project, Short Technical Communication for presentation at BICA*AI 2024 In Samsonovich, A.V., Liu, T. (eds) Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures 2024: Proceedings of the 15th Annual Meeting of the BICA Society, Springer Nature 2024 (pending). 

online:

preprint pdf: 

Architecture discussed in this paper: CCA7

 

Schneider, H. Simulation of Non-Primate Intelligence vs Human Intelligence vs Superhuman AGI vs Alien-like AGI. Artificial General Intelligence, AGI 2024, . In: Thorisson, K.R., Isaev, P., Shekhlar, A. (eds) Artificial General Intelligence, AGI 2024, Lecture Notes in Computer Science - LNCS, vol 14951, Springer Nature, 2024.

Architecture discussed in this paper: CCA1, CCA6, CCA7, ChatGPT, GPT4

preprint PDF:

online: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-031-65572-2_17